Digestive Disorders

Peptic Ulcer term is used to refer to a group of ulcerative disorders of the upper digestive system which appear to have in common the participation of acid-pepsin in their appearance. Peptic ulcer is produced when the aggressive effects of acid-pepsin dominate the protective effects of stomach and duodenal mucosal resistance. Gastric ulcers are more common in people over the age of 50.As with acute stress gastritis, stress ulcers can occur under the stress of severe illness, skin burns, or trauma. Stress ulcers occur in the stomach and the duodenum. Duodenal ulcers are generally benign Peptic ulcers are common. The good news is that oftentimes successful treatment of ulcers takes just a few weeks.

The gastric mucosa possesses an extraordinary capacity to secrete acid. Food ingestion is the major physiological stimulus of gastric acid secretion, which enables food to be digested. The gastric mucous membrane plays an important role in resisting acid effects by means of an insoluble mucous gel layer, which coats the mucosal surface of the stomach. Doctors now know that a bacterial infection or medications -not stress or diet - cause most ulcers of the stomach and upper part of the small intestine (duodenum). medical cost of treating peptic ulcer and its complications runs in the billions of dollars annually. Recent medical advances have increased our understanding of ulcer formation. Improved and expanded treatment options are now available.

A peptic ulcer is an ulcer of one of those areas of the gastrointestinal tract that are usually acidic. The names given to specific ulcers identify their anatomic locations or the circumstances under which they developed. The stomach and duodenum (upper part of the small intestine) are protected from this acid by a lining of mucus (sticky fluid) Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach, upper small intestine or esophagus. Contrary to general belief, more peptic ulcers arise in the duodenum (first part of the small intestine , just after the stomach) than in the stomach . One cause of peptic ulcer is bacterial infection, but some ulcers are caused by long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), like aspirin and ibuprofen. In a few cases, cancerous tumors in the stomach or pancreas can cause ulcers. For instance, children with severe burns can develop ulcers secondary to the stress of their injuries. This is also true for infants who become septic, or very ill with a bacterial infection. In otherwise healthy children, peptic ulcers are very unusual.

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